Manual therapy improves symptom severity and disability in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome

Przemysław Tadeusz Wielemborek1, Katarzyna Kapica-Topczewska1, Robert Pogorzelski1, Agata Bartoszuk2, Rafał Kułakowski3, Dagmara Mirowska-Guzel4, Jan Kochanowicz1, Alina Kułakowska1

Affiliation and address for correspondence
Aktualn Neurol 2022, 22 (2), p. 80–85
DOI: 10.15557/AN.2022.0009

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess early outcomes of manual therapy in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Materials and methods: In this study, patients diagnosed with electrophysiologically confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome received manual therapy. The therapy was used in 41 individuals who received one session in line with IFOMPT (International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapists) standards per week for 5 weeks. Grip strength was assessed using a dynamometer, disability was assessed using the DASH (Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand) questionnaire, and the quality of life was assessed using VASEQ5D5L (Visual Analog Scale of the 5-level EQ-5D). Data was collected before the first treatment and one week after the last treatment. Results: We observed significant change in DASH score and quality of life. Grip strength tended to improve, but the effect was statistically significant only in patients over 50 years of age. Symptom severity (Carpal Tunnel 6 score, Douleur Neuropathique 4 score and peripheral cutaneous threshold assessed with Semmes–Weinstein monofilament) improved significantly. There was no significant correlation between changes in DASH score and grip strength. Conclusion: Manual therapy significantly improves quality of life and reduces upper limb disability in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.

carpal tunnel syndrome, conservative treatment, manual therapy, quality of life

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